JAMB Syllabus For Agric Science 2021/2022 – Download PDF Now

JAMB Syllabus For Agric Science 2021/2022 is made available online for interested candidates. In this article, we are going to guide candidates searching for the latest JAMB Agric Science syllabus on how to download it on any device. In addition to downloading the syllabus, we will equally guide you on how to prepare for the CBT Examination, all you need to do is to stay glued to this page for the necessary instructions.

JAMB Agric Science Syllabus Ultimate Guide

Note: Jamb Syllabus is an essential part of Preparing for the Examination. If you do not have the current syllabus, You have less chance of passing very well.

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JAMB Syllabus For Agric Science 2021

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2021 JAMB Syllabus for Agric Science

JAMB Agric Science Syllabus

JAMB Agric Science Syllabus 2020

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How to Download JAMB Agric Syllabus

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Link to Download Syllabus

Concise JAMB Agric Science Syllabus

  1. Meaning and Scope of Agriculture
  2. efinition of Agriculture
  3. Branches of Agriculture
  4. Types of Agriculture i.e subsistence and commercial
  5. Importance of Agriculture
  6. Provision of raw materials for agro-allied industries
  7. Provision of employment

iii. Development of rural areas, etc

  1. Agricultural Ecology
  2. Ecological zones of West Africa
  3. Agricultural products of each ecological zone
  4. Environmental factors and their effects on crop and livestock production
  5. Genetics
  6. First and second laws of Mendel
  7. Cell division
  8. Terminologies e.g locus, alleles, genotype, dominance
  9. Farm Inputs
  10. History of Agricultural Development in West Africa
  11. Agricultural systems e.g. shifting

cultivation, bush fallowing e.t.c

  1. Problems of Agricultural development

e.g land tenure systems, inadequate

infrastructures, finance for agriculture,

pollution etc.

  1. Establishment of national research

institutes e.g. NCRI, IAR, IAR&T, CRIN,

NIFOR, FRIN, RRI, NRCRI, NIHORT, LCRI,

e.t.c. and international research

institutes e.g. IITA, ILRI, ICRISAT,

WARDA e.t.c., leading to increased

application of science to the

development of agriculture.

  1. Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) e.g. RTEP, FADAMA etc.
  2. National agricultural programmes such as OFN, NAFPP, NALDA, Green Revolution, NCRPs, NARP, Project Coordinating Unit (PCU) e.t.c
  3. Development of fiscal policies favourable to agricultural production e.g. import duties, ban on importation, e.t.c.
  4. Agricultural laws and reforms e.g Land Use Act.
  5. Government programmes aimed at agricultural development e.g. subsidies, credit facilities, e.t.c.
  6. Provision of infrastructures e.g. transport systems, communication systems, e.t.c.
  7. Contribution of NGOs to agricultural development

SECTION B: Agronomy

TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES OBJECTIVES

  1. Rocks and Soil formation
  2. Factors affecting rock weathering and soil formation

 

  1. Physical properties of soil
  2. Soil profile
  3. Soil texture and structure
  4. Chemical properties of soil
  5. Soil acidity and alkalinity
  6. Chemical component of soil e.g silicate
  7. Soil Water and Soil Conservation
  8. Soil water: its importance, sources, movement, management and conservation.

 

  1. Soil conservation: meaning and importance, causes, effects, prevention and control of leaching, erosion, continuous cropping, burning and oxidation of organic matter.
  2. Irrigation and drainage methods
  3. Soil Fertility
  4. Macro and micro-nutrients and their roles in plant nutrition: carbon, water and nitrogen cycles
  5. The living population of the soil (flora and fauna), and their roles in soil fertility
  6. Maintenance of soil fertility

Methods of maintaining soil fertility e.g. use of cover crops, application of organic manures, e.t.c.

  1. Nutrient deficiency symptoms e.g. chlorosis, sickle leaves, stunting, apical necrosis e.t.c.
  2. Land Preparation and Soil Tillage
  3. Principles and practices of land preparation and soil tillage
  4. Factors affecting choice of tillage methods: Zero tillage, minimum tillage, e.t.c.
  5. Plant Forms and functions
  6. Parts of monocot and dicot crop plants and their functions
  7. The anatomy and morphology of the storage organs of common crop plants
  8. Growth, Development and Reproduction
  9. Gametogenesis
  10. Pollination
  11. Fertilization
  12. Embryo formation and development

process of embryo formation and development to the formation of seeds and fruits.

 

  1. Plant Propagation Methods
  2. Sexual: the use of seeds, seed viability, viability test, seed rate and seed germination
  3. Asexual (vegetative propagation) e.g. cutting, budding, grafting, layering, e.t.c.
  4. Nursery and nursery management
  5. Cropping Systems, Planting Patterns and Plant Densities
  6. Cropping systems: Monocropping, mixed-, multiple-, inter-, relay-, strip- and rotational cropping
  7. Planting patterns:

Broadcasting, row spacing and drilling

 

  1. Plant densities: single, double and multiple stands
  2. Crop Husbandry

Common and scientific names, gross morphology, anatomy of storage organs, methods of propagation, husbandry practices, harvesting, processing and storage, common diseases and pests, economic importance of the following groups of crops.

Group 1: Cereals e.g maize, guinea corn, rice

Group 2: Legumes e.g cowpea, groundnut, soyabean

Group 3: Tubers e.g yam, cassava, sweet potatoes

Group 4: Vegetables and Spices e.g tomatoes, egg plant, pepper, onion, okro, cabbage,

amaranthus sp.

Group 5: Fruits e.g citrus, pineapple, pawpaw

Group 6: Beverages e.g cocoa, kola, coffee

Group 7: Oils e.g oil palm, coconut, shearbutter

Group 8: Latex e.g para rubber, gum arabic

Group 9: Fibres e.g jute, cotton, sisal hemp

Group 10: Sugars e.g sugarcane, beet

  1. Pasture and Forage Crops
  2. Study of gross morphology, methods of propagation and husbandry of common pasture grasses and legumes. Establishment, maintenance, conservation and uses of pastures and forage crops.
  3. Study of natural grasslands and their distribution in West Africa
  4. Range management
  5. Floriculture

Identification, establishment, maintenance and uses of ornamental trees, shrubs and flowers

  1. Weeds
  2. Gross morphology, methods of reproduction, dispersal and effect of weeds
  3. Weed control methods – weeding, mulching, cover cropping, tillage, herbicides and trap cropping
  4. Crop Diseases
  5. Identification of disease-causing organisms both in store and in the field.
  6. A simple account of diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, nematodes and viruses; the nature of the damage, methods of transmission and common methods of control.
  7. Side effects of application of preventive and control methods e.g pollution, poisoning and distribution of ecosystem.
  8. Crop pests
  9. General account of pests of agricultural plants both in the field and in the store, their types, importance, principles and methods of prevention and control
  10. Life cycles of: biting insects e.g. grasshopper; boring insects e.g. weevils; sucking insects e.g. aphids and cotton strainer.
  11. Common pesticides and their side effects
  12. Forest management (Silviculture)
  13. Importance: Source of wood, pulp, fibre and other forest products
  14. Conservation: regulation, exploitation, regeneration, afforestation, agro-forestry and taungya system
  15. Crop improvement

Methods of crop improvement e.g. introduction, selection, crossing, quarantine e.t.c.

SECTION C: Animal Production

TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES OBJECTIVES

  1. Forms and classification of major farm animals in West Africa
  2. Species, breeds and distribution
  3. External features of cattle, sheep, goat, pigs, rabbits and poultry
  4. General terminology in animal production

Common terms used in animal husbandry, e.g. calving, kidding, castrate, capon, veal, mutton, e.t.c.

  1. Anatomy and physiology of farm animals
  2. Functions of tissues and organs of farm animals
  3. Animal body systems e.g. digestive (ruminants and non-ruminants), reproductive, respiratory, urinary (excretory) and nervous systems.
  4. Effect of environmental changes on physiological development of farm animals e.g climate change
  5. Reproduction in farm animals
  6. Gametogenesis, oestrus cycle, signs of heat and heat periods, secondary sexual characters, gestation periods, parturition and the role of hormones in reproduction.
  7. Development, nourishment and birth of the young. Mammary glands and lactation in farm animals.
  8. Egg formation, incubation and hatching in poultry.
  9. Animal nutrition
  10. Feed nutrients and functions
  11. Feeds and feeding: Simple ration formulation – balanced ration, common pasture/forage crops e.g. guinea grass, elephant grass, giant star grass. Andropogon sp, Calopogonium sp. Hay and silage preparation, different types of rations, namely maintenance ration and production ration.

 

  1. Nutrient deficiencies: Causes and symptoms of malnutrition and their correction in farm animals.
  2. Livestock management

Housing, feeding, sanitation and veterinary care of ruminants, pigs, rabbits and poultry under intensive, semi-intensive and extensive systems of management from birth to slaughter.

  1. Animal Health
  2. Animal diseases (pathology)
  3. Environmental factors

predisposing animals to diseases; causal organisms, symptoms, transmission and effects.

  1. Preventive and curative methods for diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa.
  2. Parasites (parasitology)
  3. Life cycles and economic importance of livestock parasites e.g. endoparasites, ectoparasites and disease vectors.
  4. Prevention and control

– dipping

– spraying

– deworming

– sanitation

  1. Fisheries and Wildlife
  2. Fish culture systems; Common types of fishes e. g Tilapia, Catfish, etc.
  3. Extensive systems: inland and deep sea fishing, lakes and rivers.
  4. Semi-intensive systems: dams

iii. Intensive systems: fish ponds –

Factors to consider in ponds establishment and pond management e.g. pond fertilization, liming and desilting.

  1. Fish harvesting and processing methods
  2. Use of drag nets, hook and line, etc.
  3. Curing, sun-drying and smoking.

iii. Fishery regulations

  1. Wildlife management

Habitat conservation, feeding, domestication, harvesting, processing and wildlife regulations.

  1. Bee-keeping (Apiculture)
  2. Meaning and importance of apiculture
  3. Types of bees e.g exotic and indigenous bees
  4. Methods of bee-keeping e.g traditional and modern bee-keeping
  5. Equipment and safety measures in bee-keeping
  6. Animal Improvement

Methods of animals improvement e. g. introduction, breeding, quarantine and selection: Breeding systems – inbreeding, line-breeding, cross-breeding, artificial insemination

SECTION D: Agriculture Economics and Extension

TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES OBJECTIVES

  1. Factors of agricultural production
  2. Land
  3. Types of land ownership in West Africa
  4. Labour
  5. Capital
  6. Management
  7. Basic Economic Principles
  8. Demand and supply
  9. Production function:

Input/input, Output/output

Input/output relationships; stages of production, concepts of diminishing returns, scale of preference and choice.

  1. Characteristic Features of Agricultural Production

Smallness of farm holdings: biological limits of farm production and susceptibility of farm production to climate, seasonality of farm productions, price elasticity in demand and supply of agricultural produce.

  1. Labour Management
  2. Labour relations: Supervision, etc.
  3. Types of labour: Permanent labour etc.
  4. National labour laws and regulations
  5. Farm Management
  6. Qualities, functions and problems of farm

manager.

  1. Records and record-keeping: Types and importance of record-keeping – livestock records, profit and loss account book.
  2. Stock evaluation:
  3. gross and net profits in farm management.
  4. Appreciation, depreciation and savage value

 

  1. Agricultural insurance:
  2. Meaning, importance and types of agricultural insurance
  3. Problems of agricultural insurance
  4. Marketing of Agricultural Produce
  5. Importance of Marketing.
  6. Marketing channels.

 

  1. Characteristic features of agricultural product affecting their marketing
  2. Agricultural Extension
  3. Meaning and importance.
  4. The role of Agricultural Development programmes, universities, research institutes and farmers’ organizations (Cooperative societies).
  5. Extension methods including demonstration plots, use of visual aids, mass media, etc.
  6. Problems of agricultural extension in West Africa and possible solutions.

SECTION E: Agricultural Technology

TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES OBJECTIVES

  1. Farm surveying and farmstead planning
  2. Meaning and importance
  3. Common surveying equipment, their uses and care
  4. Common survey methods
  5. Principles of farmstead outlay.
  6. Simple farm tools
  7. Farm machinery and implements
  8. Types
  9. Machinery e.g tractor, milking machine etc
  10. Implements
  11. Uses and maintenance of farm machinery and implements
  12. Mechanization and sources of farm power
  13. Sources of farm power e. g. animal and machines
  14. Advantages and disadvantages of

agricultural mechanization

  1. Problems and prospects of mechanized agriculture in West Africa
  2. Processing and storage
  3. Processing: traditional and modern methods of food processing e.g. gari, rice and groundnut processing, etc.
  4. Storage
  5. Introduction to biotechnology

Basic terms, e.g. tissue and anther culture in vitro fertilization and genetic engineering

  1. Application of ICT in agriculture
  2. Features of computers
  3. Uses of computers in agriculture: disease and weather forecasting, ration formulation, database and simulation studies, etc.
  4. Use of communication gadgets e.g mobile phone, internet, etc.
  5. Introduction to agricultural research and statistics
  6. Basic concepts in planning agricultural experiments e.g hypothesis, treatment and control, etc
  7. Interpretation of results, e.g. measures of central tendency and experimental errors.

RECOMMENDED TEXTS

Adeniyi, M. O. et al (1999) Countdown to Senior Secondary Certificate Examination Agricultural Science, Ibadan: Evans

Akinsanmi, A. O. (2000) Junior Secondary Agricultural Science, Uk: Longman.

Akinsanmi, O. A. (2000) Senior Secondary Agricultural Science, Uk: Longman.

Anthonio, Q. B. O. (1999) General Agriculture for West Africa, London: George Allen

Are, L. A. et al (2010) Comprehensive Certificate Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary School, University Press Plc.

Egbuna, C. K. et al (2014) Extension Modern Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools (2010), Extension Publication

Emmanuel C. A. (2003) A Dictionary of Agriculture, Benue: Agitab Publisher Makurdi

Falusi, A. O. and Adeleye, I. O. A (2000) Agricultural Science for Junior Secondary Schools Books 1- 3, Ibadan: Onibonoje

Komolafe, M. F., Adegbola, A. A., Are, L. A. and Ashaye, T. I. (2004) Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools 1, 2 and 3, Ibadan: University Press Ltd.

How To Pass JAMB with Syllabus 2021/2022

Self-confidence

The ability of any candidates to be able to enter into any examination hall and write the exam without any external influence is what is known as self-confidence. Get into the exam hall and settle for the Biology, let nothing distract you because you can do it all alone. Your self-confidence determines your success, make sure you guard against instability.

Manage your time

Time is another important factor that affects human activities. The time allocated to the is not usually enough because you need to go through the comprehension and the novel before the majority of the questions can be answered. Do not waste your time doing one thing, share your time appropriately you will see yourself conquering JAMB 2020.

Adhere to Examination instruction.

Many students do not care about the instruction given in the examination. This is very bad because the instructions guide you in answering of the questions. Majority of candidates who fail or have their result held did not follow the Exams instructions.

Do not Neglect your Strength

When I changed my mindset and focus on Biology, I started reading it and spent more time on it. After two months, I discovered I had only 2 topics left in Biology while I have at least 7 each in Agric and Physics that were my favourites initially.I had neglected my Agric and Physics duties and focused on Biology only. I had to shift back to Agric and Physics so as to strike a balance between the 3 subjects.What I am trying to say in essence is, “While you are working on your weaknesses, don’t neglect your strengths. They are the best places to get cool marks in Jamb 2020″.

USE FLASHBACK METHOD

Biology jamb questions cover both those great terminology you studied back then in secondary school.

Flashcards are a great memorization aid for a flashback. Spend at least one hour of your study time a week making and studying flashcards. Put the new term on one side of the card and the definition on the other side. Go through your stack and test your ability to remember the meaning of each term. When you get a card right, put it in a separate stack. Keep practicing with your other cards until you get them all right.

STUDY AND KNOW YOURSELF

Your brain has two kinds of memory Which are the short-term and long-term memories. If you are the type that always found yourself scratching your head trying to remember the details of what you learned, then that’s because you had the idea or process in your short-term memory but didn’t get it fixed in your long-term memory.

Budget a small amount of study time every day instead of planning on big marathon sessions once a week. If you review your lecture notes on the day that you first wrote them down, while the info is still fresh in your short-term memory, youll increase your chances of banking some of that information in your long-term memory before you go to sleep.

STUDY ACTIVELY, NOT PASSIVELY

Reading alone won’t get most people a good grade in JAMB 2020 exams. To store information in your long-term memory, you have to use the information actively. You can practice what you learn in several ways:Do the activities in the lab. Hands-on laboratory experiments help reinforce concepts from class— so come to lab prepared to do the experiments and ask questions!

Draw processes and structures. Take out some blank paper and try to draw the things youre learning about. Label everything and explain the concepts to yourself as you go along. Peek at your notes when you have to, but keep repeating the process until you dont have to peek anymore.

Explain things to others. If you study alone, you can explain things out loud to yourself. Or explain things to your significant other, your parents, your kids, or even your cat.

Answer questions at the back of your book chapter. Instructors often recommend questions to go along with the reading. These questions are good practice, especially the critical thinking questions that ask you to think about real-life scenarios and apply what you’ve learned.

HAVE A STUDY GROUP

Study groups can really improve your success in science classes. You can practice your explanations on people who are studying the same material, ask and answer questions, and share tips and tricks with one another.You can also support one another emotionally and maybe even make studying more fun. Many students form study groups that stay together through a whole year of classes, and sometimes even longer.

TEST YOURSELF FIRST BEFORE THE EXAM TESTS YOU

Before you take the exam, find ways to test yourself and to identify your weak spots so you can make sure youre really ready. Here are some tips on how to test yourself:

Get and study JAMB 2020 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS as we are about to give to you.

Some instructors actually give copies of old exams to students to practice on. Ask your instructor if she does this.

Textbooks have quizzes at the back of the chapters and often have online companion sites with more quizzes.

TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE EASY POINTS

Getting a good grade is about getting the best overall percentage in class that you can. Exam points are usually the hardest to get, so make sure you get all the easy  or at least easier  points, which usually come from homework assignments, labs, attendance, and even extra credit. Take advantage of every easy assignment that comes your way. Then, if you miss a few exam points, youve got back up.

SEEK FOR ASSISTANCE

Dont wait until its too late to get help. At the first sign of trouble, like a bad grade on an assignment or quiz, get help from your instructor, your teaching assistant, the tutoring center, or a friend whos doing well in the class.

You’re not supposed to be an expert on the subject; that’s why you’re taking the class. Sometimes, the question you ask is the one that ten other people are wondering about. Instructors and TAs are paid to help you learn, and most of them love what they do.

Use JAMB Past Questions

The Past questions are the only JAMB 2020 Solution you’ll find nationwide. The fact is JAMB is already out of questions, so they repeat almost all questions. Study past questions, read more on each question from the recommended textbooks and study the pattern used by JAMB to set questions.

Prayer

Many candidates fail to pray always for their examination, this is very bad. Prayer is the key, prayer is the master key. our God in Heaven is ever ready to help us as long as we go to him in prayer. Ask God for all that you want concerning your JAMB 2020.I hope at this point we have been able to communicate to you the essential points concerning 2021/2022

I hope you are well guided on JAMB Syllabus For Agricultural Science 2020/2021 – Download PDF Now.

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