JAMB Syllabus For Geography 2023/2024 & Textbooks PDF – Download PDF Now

JAMB Syllabus For Geography 2023/2024 is out online for interested candidates. Get the latest version of Geography Syllabus for JAMB PDF for adequate preparation for the 2023 JAMB Geography CBT exams.

In this article, we are going to guide candidates searching for the latest JAMB Geography syllabus on how to download it on any device. Check for JAMB area of concentration in geography JAMB Syllabus.

Apart from downloading the Geography syllabus for JAMB, we will equally guide you on how to prepare for the CBT Examination, all you need to do is to stay glued to this page for the necessary instructions.

JAMB Geography Syllabus 2023 PDF Online

Attention: Jamb Syllabus is an essential part of Preparing for the Examination. If you do not have the current syllabus, You have less chance of passing very well.

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JAMB Syllabus For Geography 2023

JAMB Syllabus

JAMB Geography Syllabus 2023

The JAMB syllabus you are looking for is available in PDF Format Follow the link below to download the syllabus

How to Download Geography Syllabus for JAMB 2023

It is very important to have a PDF Form of the current JAMB Syllabus. This will help candidates to have easy access to the Syllabus any time they feel like without coming online.

To download the JAMB Syllabus Follow the link below.

Link to Download JAMB Syllabus

Concise JAMB Geography Syllabus



  1. Maps
  2. Scale and measurement


Distances, areas reduction and enlargement, directions, bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.

  1. Map reading and interpretation;


Drawing of cross profiles, recognition of intervisibility, recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps..

  1. Interpretation of statistical data;


Maps and diagrams.

  1. Elementary Surveying;


chain and prismatic, open and close traverse, procedure, problems, advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Geographic Information System (GIS):



Components, techniques, data sources, applications

  2. The earth as a planet


The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution;

The shape and size of the earth

Latitudes and distances, longitudes and time

  1. The Earth Crust


The structure of the earth (internal and external) Relationships among the four spheres.

Rocks: Types, characteristics, modes of formation and uses

Earth’s movement: Tectonic forces

Major Landforms: Mountains, Plateaux, Plains, Coastal landforms, karst topography and desert landforms

  1. Volcanism and Earthquakes


Landforms associated with volcanic activities

Landforms of Igneous Rocks

Origin and types of Volcanoes

Some volcanic eruptions and earthquakes

  1. Denudation processes in the tropics




Mass movement


  1. Water Bodies


Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses)

Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects;

Lakes – types, distribution and uses.

Rivers: Action of running water.

Locate oceans and seas on the globe;

Examine the characteristics and uses of oceans and seas;

Classify the types of ocean currents;

Account for the distribution of ocean currents;

Evaluate the causes and effects of ocean currents;

Identify the types and location of lakes;

Indicate the characteristics and uses of lakes

Identify the landforms of the different stages of a river course.

  1. Weather and Climate


Concept of weather and climate

Elements of weather and climate

Factors controlling weather and climate (pressure, air mass, altitude, continentality and winds)

Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).

Major climate types (Koppen), their characteristics and distribution.

Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.

The basic science of climate change.

Define climate change

Understand the causes of climate change

Understand the effects and remedies of climate change.

  1. Vegetation


Factors controlling growth of plants

The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession

Major types of vegetation, their characteristics and distribution,

Impact of human activities on vegetation.

  1. Soils


Definition and properties

Factors and processes of formation

Soil profiles

Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses;

Impact of human activities on soils.

  1. Environmental Resources;


Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals)

The concept of renewable and non- renewable resources;

Differentiate between the concepts of renewable and non-renewable resources

  1. Environmental interaction:


Land ecosystem

Environmental balance and human interaction

Establish the interrelationship within the ecosystem;

Interpret the concept of environmental balance;

Analyse the effects of human activities on land ecosystem.

  1. Environmental hazards:


Natural hazards (droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding)

Man-induced (soil erosion, deforestation, pollution, flooding and desertification)

Effects, prevention and control of hazards.

  1. Environmental Conservation


  1. Population



World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E. U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern Africa.

Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/sex structure.

Factors and patterns of population distribution;

Factors and problems of population growth.

  1. Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, the USA, Middle East and West Africa:


Types and patterns: rural and urban, dispersed, nucleated and linear;

Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions;

Urban settlement – classification, factors of growth and functions.

Problems of urban centres

Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.

  1. Selected economic activities


Types of economic activities: primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnary;

Agriculture: types, system, factors and problems

Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socio- economic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.

Transportation and Communication types, roles in economic development and communication in tropical Africa.

World trade-factors and pattern of world trade, major commodities (origin, routes and destinations).

Tourism: definition, importance, location, problems and solutions..

  2. Broad outline of Nigeria


Location, position, size, political division (states) and peoples;

Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils;

Population: size, distribution, migration, (types, problems and effects);

Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils, Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses and conservation.

  1. Economic and Human Geography:


Agricultural Systems: the major crops produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.

Manufacturing Industries: factors of location, types of products, marketing and problems associated with manufacturing;

Transportation and Communication:modes of transportation and communication and their relative advantages and disadvantages;

Trade: Regional and International Trade, advantages and disadvantages;

Tourism: types, importance, problems and solutions.



Meaning and objectives

Member states

Advantages and benefits

Disadvantages, problems and solutions


Adeleke, B.O. Areola .O. 2002 and Leong, G.C. Certificate Physical and Human Geography for Senior Secondary School (West African Edition), Ibadan: Oxford.

Bradshaw, M. et al (2004) Contemporary World Regional Geography, New York: McGraw Hill

Bunet, R.B and Okunrotifa, P.O.(1999) General Geography in Diagrams for West Africa, China: Longman.

Collins New Secondary Atlas, Macmillan

Fellman, D. et al (2005) Introduction to Geography (Seventh Edition) New York: McGraw Hill

Getis, A. et al (2004) Introduction to Geography (Ninth Edition) New York: McGraw Hill

Iloeje, N. P(1999) A New Geography of West Africa, Hong Kong: Longman

Iloeje, N.P(1982) A New Geography of Nigeria (New Education), Hong Kong: London

Nimako, D.A. (2000) Map Reading of West Africa, Essex: Longman.

Okunrotifa, P.O. and Michael S. (2000) A Regional Geography of Africa (New Edition), Essex: London.

Use JAMB Geography Past Questions

The Past questions are the only JAMB 2020 Solution you’ll find nationwide. The fact is JAMB is already out of questions, so they repeat almost all questions. Study past questions, read more on each question from the recommended textbooks and study the pattern used by JAMB to set questions.

I believe you are well guided on JAMB Syllabus For Geography 2023/2024 PDF- Download PDF Now. We love your contribution, leave it on the comments section below.

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