JAMB Syllabus For Geography 2023/2024 is out online for interested candidates. Get the latest version of Geography Syllabus for JAMB PDF for adequate preparation for the 2023 JAMB Geography CBT exams.
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JAMB Geography Syllabus 2023 PDF Online
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JAMB Syllabus For Geography 2023
JAMB Geography Syllabus 2023
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How to Download Geography Syllabus for JAMB 2023
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Concise JAMB Geography Syllabus
- PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY
- Scale and measurement
Distances, areas reduction and enlargement, directions, bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.
- Map reading and interpretation;
Drawing of cross profiles, recognition of intervisibility, recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps..
- Interpretation of statistical data;
Maps and diagrams.
- Elementary Surveying;
chain and prismatic, open and close traverse, procedure, problems, advantages and disadvantages.
- Geographic Information System (GIS):
Components, techniques, data sources, applications
- PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
- The earth as a planet
The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution;
The shape and size of the earth
Latitudes and distances, longitudes and time
- The Earth Crust
The structure of the earth (internal and external) Relationships among the four spheres.
Rocks: Types, characteristics, modes of formation and uses
Earth’s movement: Tectonic forces
Major Landforms: Mountains, Plateaux, Plains, Coastal landforms, karst topography and desert landforms
- Volcanism and Earthquakes
Landforms associated with volcanic activities
Landforms of Igneous Rocks
Origin and types of Volcanoes
Some volcanic eruptions and earthquakes
- Denudation processes in the tropics
- Water Bodies
Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses)
Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects;
Lakes – types, distribution and uses.
Rivers: Action of running water.
Locate oceans and seas on the globe;
Examine the characteristics and uses of oceans and seas;
Classify the types of ocean currents;
Account for the distribution of ocean currents;
Evaluate the causes and effects of ocean currents;
Identify the types and location of lakes;
Indicate the characteristics and uses of lakes
Identify the landforms of the different stages of a river course.
- Weather and Climate
Concept of weather and climate
Elements of weather and climate
Factors controlling weather and climate (pressure, air mass, altitude, continentality and winds)
Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).
Major climate types (Koppen), their characteristics and distribution.
Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.
The basic science of climate change.
Define climate change
Understand the causes of climate change
Understand the effects and remedies of climate change.
Factors controlling growth of plants
The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession
Major types of vegetation, their characteristics and distribution,
Impact of human activities on vegetation.
Definition and properties
Factors and processes of formation
Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses;
Impact of human activities on soils.
- Environmental Resources;
Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals)
The concept of renewable and non- renewable resources;
Differentiate between the concepts of renewable and non-renewable resources
- Environmental interaction:
Environmental balance and human interaction
Establish the interrelationship within the ecosystem;
Interpret the concept of environmental balance;
Analyse the effects of human activities on land ecosystem.
- Environmental hazards:
Natural hazards (droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding)
Man-induced (soil erosion, deforestation, pollution, flooding and desertification)
Effects, prevention and control of hazards.
- Environmental Conservation
III. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E. U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern Africa.
Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/sex structure.
Factors and patterns of population distribution;
Factors and problems of population growth.
- Settlement with particular reference to Western Europe, the USA, Middle East and West Africa:
Types and patterns: rural and urban, dispersed, nucleated and linear;
Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions;
Urban settlement – classification, factors of growth and functions.
Problems of urban centres
Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.
- Selected economic activities
Types of economic activities: primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnary;
Agriculture: types, system, factors and problems
Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socio- economic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.
Transportation and Communication types, roles in economic development and communication in tropical Africa.
World trade-factors and pattern of world trade, major commodities (origin, routes and destinations).
Tourism: definition, importance, location, problems and solutions..
- REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY
- Broad outline of Nigeria
Location, position, size, political division (states) and peoples;
Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils;
Population: size, distribution, migration, (types, problems and effects);
Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils, Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses and conservation.
- Economic and Human Geography:
Agricultural Systems: the major crops produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.
Manufacturing Industries: factors of location, types of products, marketing and problems associated with manufacturing;
Transportation and Communication:modes of transportation and communication and their relative advantages and disadvantages;
Trade: Regional and International Trade, advantages and disadvantages;
Tourism: types, importance, problems and solutions.
Meaning and objectives
Advantages and benefits
Disadvantages, problems and solutions
JAMB Geography RECOMMENDED TEXTS
Adeleke, B.O. Areola .O. 2002 and Leong, G.C. Certificate Physical and Human Geography for Senior Secondary School (West African Edition), Ibadan: Oxford.
Bradshaw, M. et al (2004) Contemporary World Regional Geography, New York: McGraw Hill
Bunet, R.B and Okunrotifa, P.O.(1999) General Geography in Diagrams for West Africa, China: Longman.
Collins New Secondary Atlas, Macmillan
Fellman, D. et al (2005) Introduction to Geography (Seventh Edition) New York: McGraw Hill
Getis, A. et al (2004) Introduction to Geography (Ninth Edition) New York: McGraw Hill
Iloeje, N. P(1999) A New Geography of West Africa, Hong Kong: Longman
Iloeje, N.P(1982) A New Geography of Nigeria (New Education), Hong Kong: London
Nimako, D.A. (2000) Map Reading of West Africa, Essex: Longman.
Okunrotifa, P.O. and Michael S. (2000) A Regional Geography of Africa (New Edition), Essex: London.
Use JAMB Geography Past Questions
The Past questions are the only JAMB 2020 Solution you’ll find nationwide. The fact is JAMB is already out of questions, so they repeat almost all questions. Study past questions, read more on each question from the recommended textbooks and study the pattern used by JAMB to set questions.
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