Tax brackets in Japan 2023 | Japanese Taxes

Latest Tax Brackets in Japan 2022. Do you want to know the latest Japanese Tax brackets? In Japan, permanent resident taxpayers are taxed on their worldwide income. Non-resident taxpayers are taxed only on their Japan-soured income.

Non-permanent resident taxpayers are taxed on their income other than foreign-source income that are not remitted into Japan plus potentially part of their foreign-source income that is paid in or remitted to Japan.

Does Japan have tax brackets? Is income tax in Japan high? How much tax do foreigners pay in Japan?How is tax calculated in Japan?

A non-resident taxpayer’s Japan-source compensation is subject to a flat 20.42% national income tax on gross compensation with no deductions available. This rate includes 2.1% of the surtax described above (20% * 102,1% = 20.42%). A non-resident taxpayer may be subject to the local inhabitant’s tax at a rate of 10% if they are registered as a resident as of 1 January of the following year.

In this article, you will get to know the tax bracket in japan 2023, what tax brackets really mean, and a whole lot of important updates on tax brackets in Japan.

What is a tax bracket?

A tax bracket refers to the range of incomes subject to a certain income tax rate. Tax brackets result in a progressive tax system, in which taxation progressively increases as an individual’s income grows. Low incomes fall into tax brackets with relatively low-income tax rates, while higher earnings fall into brackets with higher rates.

Tax Brackets in Japan

The tax rate is determined based on the taxable income. Like in Other countries, taxable income is the total earnings minus a basic exemption, exemptions for dependents, and various types of deductions,  such as deductions for insurance premiums, medical expenses, and business expenses of the self-employed.

National income tax rate
Taxable incomeTax Rate
less than 1.95 million yen5% of taxable income
1.95 to 3.3 million yen10% of taxable income minus 97,500 yen
3.3 to 6.95 million yen20% of taxable income minus 636,000 yen
6.95 to 9 million yen23% of taxable income minus 636,000 yen
9 to 18 million yen33% of taxable income minus 1,536,000 yen
18 to 40 million yen40% of taxable income minus 2,796,000 yen
more than 40 million yen45% of taxable income minus 4,796,000 yen
Prefectural Income Tax Rates
Taxable IncomeTax Rate
all4% of taxable income


Municpal Income Tax Rates
Taxable IncomeTax Rate
all6% of taxable income


Prefectural Enterprise Tax Rates (In case of self-employed persons)
Taxable IncomeTax Rate
all3% to 5% depending on the type of business

For tax purposes, people living in Japan are classified into three categories. This categorization is not related to visa types:

  • Non-Resident
    A person who has lived in Japan for less than one year and does not have his primary base of living in Japan. Non-residents pay taxes only on income from sources in Japan, but not on income from abroad.
  • Non-Permanent Resident
    A person who has lived in Japan for less than five years, but has no intention of living in Japan permanently. Non-permanent residents pay taxes on all income except on income from abroad that does not get sent to Japan.
  • Permanent Resident
    A person who has lived in Japan for at least five years or has the intention of staying in Japan permanently. Permanent residents pay taxes on all income from Japan and abroad.

Income is calculated using methods established for each of a number of income classifications. The tax is calculated by subtracting the various income deductions from the total amount of income and then multiplying the difference, which is the amount of taxable income, by the progressive tax rates below. Any withholding income tax levied on the income beforehand will be deducted from the calculated tax.

Residents must submit an income tax return for the income earned each year, except when tax payment procedures have been completed through withholding at source and must pay the tax owed between February 16 and March 15 of the following year. Persons whose total income does not exceed total deductions and persons who receive salary income subject to withholding tax at source (year-end adjustment) from only one payer not exceeding 20 million yen in that year and who have no other income exceeding 200,000 yen do not, as a rule, need to file a return.

As a rule, non-residents file and pay taxes following the same regulations as residents. However, non-residents leaving Japan without reporting the designation of a tax agent to the director of the taxation office must submit an income tax return and pay the tax owed prior to leaving Japan.


How to pay taxes in Japan

Income tax is paid annually on income earned during a calendar year.

Income tax in Japan is based on a self-assessment system (a person determines the tax amount himself or herself by filing a tax return) in combination with a withholding tax system (taxes are subtracted from salaries and wages and submitted by the employer).

Thanks to the withholding tax system, most employees in Japan do not need to file a tax return. In fact, employees only need to file a tax return if at least one of the following conditions is true:

  • if they leave Japan before the end of the tax year
  • if their employer does not withhold taxes (e.g. employer outside Japan)
  • if they have more than one employer
  • if their annual income is more than 20,000,000 yen
  • if they have a side income of more than 200,000 yen

Employees, who do not need to file a tax return, will have their income taxes withheld from their salaries by their employer, and an eventual adjustment is made with the year’s final salary. People, who are required to file a tax return, such as self-employed persons, must do so at the local tax office (zeimusho), by mail, or online (e-Tax) between February 16 and March 15 of the following year. The tax return for 2021 had to be filed between February 16 and March 15, 2022.

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