Traveling tips for Turkmenistan – what you should know before a trip to Turkmenistan

Are you considering taking a trip to Turkmenistan, a nation renowned for its extraordinary scenery, distinct culture, and extensive history? To guarantee a safe and pleasurable travel experience, it’s necessary to be informed about the necessary visa requirements, packing basics, and health precautions as you get ready for your visit.

We’ll cover important information and advice on visiting Turkmenistan in this post, including how to apply for a visa, what to bring, and how to remain well while visiting.

This guide will assist you in making the most of your trip to Turkmenistan, whether you’re an experienced tourist or this is your first time visiting the nation.

Turkmenistan’s Visa Requirements

If you’re planning to visit Turkmenistan, here are the general visa requirements you need to be aware of:

  1. Visa Application: You must submit a completed visa application form. This form can be downloaded from the Turkmen Migration website.
  2. Passport: A copy of your passport and ID, with the passport being valid for at least six months from the date of departure.
  3. Invitation Letter: An invitation letter certified by the State Migration Service of Turkmenistan is required. If you’re a tourist, this letter must be obtained from an authorized travel agency.
  4. Photograph: A recent passport-size picture.
  5. Cover Letter: A cover letter describing the reason for your trip.
  6. Health Certificate: Required for a work visa.
  7. Proof of Qualifications: Also for a work visa, translated and sealed.

There are several types of visas available, including tourist, transit, business, work, private/personal, family, student, and others. The specific documents required may vary depending on the type of visa you’re applying for.

For a tourist visa, you must book a tour with an authorized travel agent, and a transit visa, it’s the only type you can apply for without a sponsor. Business and work visas require additional documents related to the inviting company or government agency/ministry.

How long does it take to process a visa for Turkmenistan?

The processing time for a Turkmenistan visa is typically 10 days from the date the Embassy receives your completed application. However, it can take up to one month for you to receive a letter of invitation from the Turkmen State Migration Service. This letter serves as the basis for the Embassy to issue the visa.

If you need the visa more urgently, you can expedite the process to 1-3 business days by ensuring that all paperwork is in order and including an additional cost. Keep in mind that the information provided on your Visa Application Form should match the details submitted in the original documentation to the State Migration Service of Turkmenistan to avoid any misprints that could lead to cancellation of the process.

Remember to submit your application in person to the Consular Section of the Embassy of Turkmenistan, which is open from Monday to Friday (except Wednesdays, national holidays of Turkmenistan, and UK bank holidays) from 09:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.

What are the visa fees for Turkmenistan?

The visa fees for Turkmenistan vary based on the type of visa and the duration of stay. Here’s a breakdown of the fees:

  1. 10-day single-entry visaUSD 20
  2. 20-day single-entry visaUSD 30
  3. One-month single-entry visaUSD 40
  4. For stays longer than one month (single-entry): USD 30 per month
  5. One-month multiple-entry visaUSD 60
  6. For long-term stays (multiple-entry): USD 40 per month

Packing Essentials

When packing for Turkmenistan, it’s important to consider the climate and activities you plan to engage in. Here’s a checklist of essentials to bring along:

Documents and Essentials:

  • Valid passport (with at least six months validity after your return date)
  • Visa (if required)
  • Travel Insurance
  • Vaccination records (if necessary)
  • Emergency contact information


  • Lightweight and breathable clothing for summer
  • Warm layers for cooler evenings and winter months
  • Comfortable walking shoes
  • Hat and sunglasses for sun protection
  • Swimsuit (if visiting during warmer months)

Health and Safety:

  • Prescription medicines and a copy of the prescription
  • First-aid kit including bandages, antiseptics, and pain relievers
  • Hand sanitizer or wipes
  • Sunscreen (SPF 15 or greater) with UVA and UVB protection
  • Insect repellent

Hygiene & Toiletries:

  • Personal hygiene items
  • Moisturizer and lip balm to combat dryness

Tech and Accessories:

  • Camera or smartphone for photos
  • Chargers and adapters for electronics
  • Travel backpack or luggage suitable for your items


  • Water purification tablets or a water filter bottle
  • Snacks for long journeys
  • A small notebook or travel journal

The best time to visit Turkmenistan

The best time to visit Turkmenistan is during the spring and autumn seasons. Specifically, from mid-March to the end of May and again from mid-September to November. During these periods, you can expect daytime temperatures to range between 23 and 35°C, which is pleasant for exploring the country’s unique landscapes and cultural sites.

In contrast, the summer months, particularly July and August, are extremely hot, especially in the desert regions, with temperatures soaring well above 40°C in places like Ashgabat. The winter months can be very cold, with temperatures dropping to around -5°C.

These are the best seasons to take in Turkmenistan’s scenic landscapes and outdoor pursuits, whether you’re interested in trekking through the vibrant canyons of Yangikala or camping in the desert next to the burning gas crater at Darvaza. Keep in mind that certain places have prohibitions on photography, so be mindful of local customs and laws.

Are there any specific health precautions travelers should take when visiting Turkmenistan?

To guarantee a safe and happy journey, tourists visiting Turkmenistan should take a few health measures.


  • Ensure you are up-to-date on all routine vaccines before your trip. These may include vaccines for chickenpox, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, flu, measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), polio, and shingles.
  • COVID-19: All eligible travelers should be up to date with their COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Hepatitis A: Recommended for unvaccinated travelers one year old or older. Infants 6 to 11 months old should also be vaccinated against Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B: Recommended for unvaccinated travelers of all ages traveling to Turkmenistan.
  • Measles: Ensure full vaccination against measles with the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine.
  • Rabies: Consider vaccination if your activities mean you will be around dogs or wildlife, as rabid dogs are commonly found in Turkmenistan.

General Precautions:

  • Food and Water Safety: Be cautious about food and water standards. Drink bottled or purified water and eat well-cooked food.
  • Prevent Bug Bites: Use insect repellent to protect against mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas, which can spread diseases.
  • Stay Safe Outdoors: If engaging in outdoor activities, take steps to stay safe and healthy, such as learning basic first aid and CPR.
  • Heat-related illness: Be aware of the risk of heat stroke, especially during hot months. Stay hydrated, wear loose clothing, and limit physical activity during high temperatures.

Travel Health Kit:

  • Bring a travel health kit with items appropriate for your activities, including any personal medications, first-aid supplies, hand sanitizer, sunscreen, and insect repellent.


What are the emergency contact numbers in Turkmenistan?

In Turkmenistan, the emergency contact numbers for various services are as follows:

  • Firefighter: Dial 01
  • Police: Dial 02
  • Ambulance: Dial 03
  • Natural gas safety: Dial 04

Additionally, there are special service numbers for specific situations:

  • Car Transportation service number: Dial 082
  • AŞTU service number: Dial 085
  • Ashgabat International Airport service number: Dial 086
  • Türkmendemirýollary service number: Dial 088
  • Altyn Asyr service number: Dial 09 for telephone directory assistance
  • Turkmenpochta service number: Dial 075
  • Arkadag city call centre: Dial 123

For further insights and resources on travel tips, bookmark our website for future reference. Do you have any lingering questions or specific aspects you’d like to delve deeper into? Feel free to share this article with fellow travelers, spreading the wealth of knowledge and ensuring memorable experiences for all. Safe travels.

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